Tuesday, March 31, 2009

China Issues Detailed Guidance on Anti-Avoidance Rules

Exerpt from Practical China Tax and Finance Strategies, published by WorldTrade Executive, Inc.

China’s new 2007 Enterprise Income Tax Law, for the first time in Chinese tax history, introduced a set of anti-avoidance rules in its Special Tax Adjustments chapter, which include not only transfer pricing and advanced pricing agreement rules but also rules on cost sharing agreements, thin-capitalization, controlled foreign corporations, and general anti-avoidance.

On January 8, 2009, the SAT released long-awaited Circular Guoshuifa [2009] No 2, Implementation Measures of Special Tax Adjustments (Trial) that details rules on administrating all the aspects of those anti-avoidance rules. If the Special Tax Adjustments chapter represents the first anti-voidance legislation in China, Guoshuifa [2009] No 2 can be viewed as the first comprehensive operating manual of anti-avoidance administrations in China. All the provisions in Guoshuifa [2009] No 2 take retrospective effect from January 1, 2008.

As the starting point of the anti-avoidance administration, Guoshuifa [2009] No 2 restates that all enterprises shall file the following nine forms annually to report related party transactions:

Form 1 - Related party relationships
Form 2 - Summary of related party transactions
Form .3 - Purchases and sales
Form 4 - Labor services
Form 5 - Intangible assets
Form 6 - Fixed assets
Form 7 - Financing
Form 8 - Outbound investments
Form 9 - Outbound payments

Those forms require enterprises to indicate whether they have contemporaneous transfer pricing documentation in place. The forms need to be filed together with the annual enterprise income tax return. For the tax year of 2008, the filing deadline is May 31, 2009.

Read More for a Summary of Transfer Pricing Documentation


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